what you need to get started
Here are the most important things you will need to create your amigurumi:
- some yarn! Choose any that you like as long as the hook is the right size. I'd recommend a slightly smaller hook than the ball band recommends, as you don't want holes between those stitches! With 8ply/DK weight yarn I'll usually a 3mm or 3.5mm hook.
- a hook. See above. You can use any hook that you find in a craft store, but my personal favourite types of hooks are Clover Amour, which are super comfortable to use!
- stuffing. You can buy toy stuffing in most craft stores, or you can use yarn or fabric scraps to stuff your amigurumi!
- tapestry needle. This is to sew in the ends of your yarn and attach an limbs or other pieces to your amigurumi.
- safety eyes. You can also use yarn or thread to embroider eyes, I recommend this when making toys for babies
Working in a spiral
Increasing and invisible decreasing
The most basic amigurumi shapes are spheres. So you start with maybe five or six stitches (following your pattern) in your magic circle, then increase until the sphere is big enough, then decrease until it's finished. There are so many more complicated shapes you can create once you master the sphere!
In a pattern an increase might be written as "inc" or as "2sc" (or "2dc"). Either way, this indicates that you make two stitches together in the one stitch. Create one single crochet, then instead of moving onto the next stitch, make the second single crochet into the same stitch as which you just worked. You might occasionally be instructed to work three or more stitches into the same stitch with "3sc" ("3dc") and so on.
Likewise, a decrease can be indicated as "dec" or as "sc-2-tog" (or "dc-2-tog"), which means you need to work two stitches from the row below into one stitch. My favourite way to decrease in amigurumi is with an invisible decrease. To work this stitch insert your hook under the front loop of the next stitch and then insert your hook under both loops of the second stitch (this is a little awkward, but it works!), pull up a loop through both stitches (two loops on hook), yarn over and pull through both loops on hook. You've just created an invisible single crochet decrease! (or a UK double crochet decrease)
reading a pattern
Sometimes the hardest